Janka Hardness Scale

 

The Janka hardness test measures the resistance of each species of wood to withstand denting and wear. It measures the force required to embed half of the diameter of a 1/2" steel ball into the wood.


(The higher the number = The hardness of the species)

Wood Flooring Species

Janka Hardness (pounds-force)



Australian Buloke  5060


Lignum vitae / Guayacan / Pockenholz  4500


Patagonian Rosewood / Curupay / Angico Preto / Piptadenia Macrocarpa / Brazilian Tiger Mahogany  3840


Brazilian Ebony  3692


Ipê / "Brazilian Walnut" / Lapacho  3684


African Pearlwood / Moabi Sometimes: Brazilian Cherry "Lite"  3680


Grey Ironbark  3664


Bolivian Cherry  3650


Lapacho  3640


Cumaru / "Brazilian Teak" sometimes: "Brazilian Chestnut," "Tiete Chestnut," "South American Chestnut," "Southern Chestnut"  3540


Ebony  3220


Brazilian Redwood / Paraju / Massaranduba  3190


Yvyraro  3040


Stranded/woven bamboo  3000


Bloodwood  2900


Red Mahogany, Turpentine  2697


"Southern Chestnut"  2670


Spotted Gum  2473


Brazilian Cherry / Jatoba  2350


Mesquite  2345


"Golden Teak"  2330


Santos Mahogany, Bocote, Cabreuva, Honduran Rosewood  2200


Pradoo  2170


Brazilian Koa  2160


Sucupira sometimes "Brazilian Chestnut" or "Tiete Chestnut"  2140


Brushbox   2135

 


Karri  2030


Sydney Blue Gum  2023


Bubinga  1980


Cameron  1940


Tallowwood  1933


Merbau  1925


Amendoim 1925


Jarrah  1910


Purpleheart  1860


Goncalo Alves / Tigerwood  1850


Hickory / Pecan, Satinwood  1820


Afzelia / Doussie / Australian Wormy Chestnut  1810


Bangkirai  1798


Rosewood  1780


African Padauk  1725


Blackwood  1720


Merbau  1712


Kempas  1710


Black Locust  1700


Highland Beech  1686


Wenge, Red Pine  1630


Tualang  1624


Zebrawood  1575


True Pine, Timborana  1570


Peroba  1557


Sapele / Sapelli, Kupa'y  1510

Curupixa  1490


Sweet Birch  1470


Hard Maple / Sugar Maple  1450


Caribbean Walnut  1390


Coffee Bean  1390


Natural Bamboo  1380


Australian Cypress  1375


White Oak 1360


Tasmanian Oak 1350


Ribbon Gum  1349


Ash (White)  1320


American Beech 1300


Red Oak (Northern)  1290


Caribbean Heart Pine  1280


Yellow Birch, Iroko  1260


Movingui  1230


Heart Pine  1225


"Brazilian Mesquite" / Carapa Guianensis  1220


Larch  1200


Carbonized Bamboo (represents one species)  1180


Teak  1155


Cocobolo  1136


Brazilian Eucalyptus / Rose Gum  1125


Makore  1100


Siberian Larch  1100


Peruvian Walnut  1080


Boreal 1023


Black Walnut/North American Walnut  1010


Teak  1000


Cherry  995


Black Cherry, Imbuia  950


Red Maple  950


Boire  940


Paper Birch  910


Eastern Red Cedar  900


Southern Yellow Pine (Longleaf)  870


Lacewood, Leopardwood  840


African Mahogany  830


Mahogany, Honduran Mahogany  800


Parana  780


Sycamore  770


Shedua  710


Silver Maple  700


Southern Yellow Pine (Loblolly and Shortleaf)  690


Douglas Fir  660


Western Juniper  626


Alder (Red)  590


Larch  590


Chestnut  540


Hemlock  500


Western White Pine  420


Basswood  410


Eastern White Pine  380


Balsa  100


Cuipo  22


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C&M Wood Flooring

20 NW 3rd ave, Deerfield Beach, FL 33441, US

(954) 428-0590

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