The Janka hardness test measures the resistance of each species of wood to withstand denting and wear. It measures the force required to embed half of the diameter of a 1/2" steel ball into the wood.
(The higher the number = The hardness of the species)

Wood Flooring Species

Janka Hardness (pounds-force)

Australian Buloke

5060

Lignum vitae / Guayacan / Pockenholz

4500

Patagonian Rosewood / Curupay / Angico Preto / Piptadenia Macrocarpa / Brazilian Tiger Mahogany

3840

Brazilian Ebony

3692

Ipê / "Brazilian Walnut" / Lapacho

3684

African Pearlwood / Moabi Sometimes: Brazilian Cherry "Lite"

3680

Grey Ironbark

3664

Bolivian Cherry

3650

Lapacho

3640

Cumaru / "Brazilian Teak" sometimes: "Brazilian Chestnut," "Tiete Chestnut," "South American Chestnut," "Southern Chestnut"

3540

Ebony

3220

Brazilian Redwood / Paraju / Massaranduba

3190

Yvyraro

3040

Stranded/woven bamboo

3000

Bloodwood

2900

Red Mahogany, Turpentine

2697

"Southern Chestnut"

2670

Spotted Gum

2473

Brazilian Cherry / Jatoba

2350

Mesquite

2345

"Golden Teak"

2330

Santos Mahogany, Bocote, Cabreuva, Honduran Rosewood

2200

Pradoo

2170

Brazilian Koa

2160

Sucupira sometimes "Brazilian Chestnut" or "Tiete Chestnut"

2140

Brushbox

2135

Karri

2030

Sydney Blue Gum

2023

Bubinga

1980

Cameron

1940

Tallowwood

1933

Merbau

1925

Amendoim

1912

Jarrah

1910

Purpleheart

1860

Goncalo Alves / Tigerwood

1850

Hickory / Pecan, Satinwood

1820

Afzelia / Doussie / Australian Wormy Chestnut

1810

Bangkirai

1798

Rosewood

1780

African Padauk

1725

Blackwood

1720

Merbau

1712

Kempas

1710

Black Locust

1700

Highland Beech

1686

Wenge, Red Pine

1630

Tualang

1624

Zebrawood

1575

True Pine, Timborana

1570

Peroba

1557

Sapele / Sapelli, Kupa'y

1510

Curupixa

1490

Sweet Birch

1470

Hard Maple / Sugar Maple

1450

Caribbean Walnut

1390

Coffee Bean

1390

Natural Bamboo

1380

Australian Cypress

1375

White Oak

1360

Tasmanian Oak

1350

Ribbon Gum

1349

Ash (White)

1320

American Beech

1300

Red Oak (Northern)

1290

Caribbean Heart Pine

1280

Yellow Birch, Iroko

1260

Movingui

1230

Heart Pine

1225

"Brazilian Mesquite" / Carapa Guianensis

1220

Larch

1200

Carbonized Bamboo (represents one species)

1180

Teak

1155

Cocobolo

1136

Brazilian Eucalyptus / Rose Gum

1125

Makore

1100

Siberian Larch

1100

Peruvian Walnut

1080

Boreal

1023

Black Walnut/North American Walnut

1010

Teak

1000

Cherry

995

Black Cherry, Imbuia

950

Red Maple

950

Boire

940

Paper Birch

910

Eastern Red Cedar

900

Southern Yellow Pine (Longleaf)

870

Lacewood, Leopardwood

840

African Mahogany

830

Mahogany, Honduran Mahogany

800

Parana

780

Sycamore

770

Shedua

710

Silver Maple

700

Southern Yellow Pine (Loblolly and Shortleaf)

690

Douglas Fir

660

Western Juniper

626

Alder (Red)

590

Larch

590

Chestnut

540

Hemlock

500

Western White Pine

420

Basswood

410

Eastern White Pine

380

Balsa

100

Cuipo

22

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